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MI Herald

Volume 4, Issue 5 September—October 2017

UNAMI urges de-escalation and Baghdad-Erbil negotiations on
the basis of the constitution

Baghdad, 24 October 2017 - On the raises the issues of violations of ance.”
occasion of UN Day, the Special Rep- human rights as warranted, always Mr. Kubiš added: “Both sides pub-
resentative of the UN Secretary- guided by the principle of impar- licly expressed their willingness to
General (SRSG) for Iraq, Mr. Ján tiality and with the interests of the engage in dialogue and negotiations
Kubiš, said the anniversary of the people of Iraq, including in Kurdi- on the basis of the Constitution.
entry into force of the UN Charter stan Region, at heart. The UN is ready to assist, if re-
comes at a changing time for Iraq. The SRSG expressed confidence quested, as it assists already in
The terrorist Daesh organization is that despite the recent tensions, dealing with the humanitarian con-
largely defeated although it remains Iraq will be able to ride this crisis, sequences and human rights viola-
a potent enemy and fighting it contin- and offered the good offices of the tions that are tragically occurring
ues to be a priority. This is allowing UN Assistance Mission for Iraq as well, in Tuz Khormatu, Kirkuk
many of the millions who have been (UNAMI) to facilitate discussions if and some other places.”
displaced by this conflict to return asked by both sides. “We are confident that the Govern-
home to rebuild their lives. This is “A solution lies primarily in stop- ment of Iraq and the Kurdistan
also a chance to revisit and reform ping military activities and in de- Regional Government, just like
the functioning of the political system escalation, including ending public they banded together to defeat
in a way that will open for all the inflammatory statements and con- Daesh, can work hand in hand to
components and minorities, for all frontational actions, in continuous overcome their differences through
Iraqis in the post-Daesh Iraq new coordination on the military and dialogue and away from confronta-
perspectives as equal citizens with security situation in disputed are- tion to resolve all outstanding is-
equal rights and opportunities, thus as, where appropriate, in respecting sues in a manner that is consistent
putting an end to the recurrent cycles the integrity of the Green Line of with the Constitution.”
of violence and terrorism. 2003 and notably in an urgent start
But just as Iraq was breathing a sigh of a partnership dialogue and nego-
of relief with the defeat of Daesh, the tiations between Baghdad and Er-
country was hit recently by another bil on the basis of the Constitution.
crisis, this time between Baghdad This is critically important for pre-
and Erbil. serving the unity and re-
Mr. Kubiš said: “The post-Daesh peri- establishing stability of the country
od has brought to the fore many seri- and peaceful coexistence amongst
ous problems that accumulated over all components and minorities
the years and remain unresolved. based on equal rights and justice
That concerns among others, critical for all citizens of Iraq in the condi-
issues of Baghdad-Erbil relations, tion of good and democratic govern-
including deficiencies in the imple-
mentation of the Iraqi Constitution.
Challenged by the unilaterally de-
clared independence referendum
Baghdad has taken steps to re-assert
the constitutional order, re-establish
the federal authority. All that culmi-
nated in the recent developments
that have so sadly triggered confron-
tation between the erstwhile partners
of the joint battle first against a dic-
tatorship and lately against the ter-
rorist Daesh, which added another
layer of insecurity, fragmentation
and difficulties, bringing about new
waves of displacements, this time
mostly of Kurds.”
He added that the United Nations is
closely monitoring the situation,
while it provides humanitarian assis-
tance to those displaced recently and
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