Sunday, 04 January 2015 09:02

UN Casualty Figures for December; 2014 deadliest since 2008 in Iraq

Baghdad, 1 January 2015 – According to casualty figures released today by UNAMI, a total of 1,101 Iraqis were killed and another 1,868 were wounded in acts of terrorism and violence in December*.


The number of civilians killed was 680 (including 29 civilian police), while the number of civilians injured was 1,360 (including 24 civilian police).  A further 421 members of the Iraqi Security Forces were killed and 508 were injured.

From 01 January to 31 December 2014, UNAMI recorded a total minimum number of 35,408 civilian casualties (12,282 killed and 23,126 injured).  The number of civilian casualties (including police) in 2014 has been higher than that in 2008, when there were 26,965 civilian casualties recorded (6,787 killed and 20,178 injured) and is the worst experienced by Iraq since the violence in 2006-2007.

“Yet again, the Iraqi ordinary citizen continues to suffer from violence and terrorism.  2014 has seen the highest number of causalities since the violence in 2006-2007.  This is a very sad state of affairs,” the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General (SRSG) for Iraq, Mr. Nickolay Mladenov said.

“Once again, I call on all political actors in Iraq to come together and find peaceful solutions to the problems that face the country.  I do hope that 2015 will be a year in which this can be done,” SRSG Mladenov added.

The month of June registered the highest number of casualties in 2014, with a total of 4,126 civilian casualties (1,775 killed and 2,351 injured – Anbar included).

From 01 June, when armed violence spread from Anbar to other areas of Iraq, to 31 December 2014 there were a total of 22,292 civilian casualties (8,481 killed and 13,811 injured) (including Police, and including Anbar).

During December, Baghdad was the worst affected Governorate with 1,051 civilian casualties (320 killed, 731 injured).  According to information obtained by UNAMI from the Health Directorate in Anbar, up to 30 December inclusive, the Governorate suffered a total of 669 civilian casualties (164 killed and 505 injured).  This included 66 killed and 361 injured in Ramadi and 98 killed and 144 injured in Fallujah.  Salah al-Din had 74 killed and 29 injured while Diyala had 48 killed and 33 injured.


*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas.  Figures for casualties from Anbar Governorate are provided by the Health Directorate and are noted above.  In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents.  UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of significant numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care.  For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

  • Note on methodology

    In analyzing civilian casualties, UNAMI utilizes as wide a range of sources and types of information as possible, which are analyzed for reliability and credibility. Attempts are made to crosscheck and verify such information from other sources before conclusions are drawn and published. Sources include, for example, testimony of victims, victims’ relatives, witnesses, and evidence provided from health personnel, community elders, religious and civil leaders, local, governorate and central Government departments and officials, UN and other International Organizations, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) and UNAMI Security Section (SSI), media reports, members of the international community, civil society, and NGOs. Where security does not permit direct access to the location of an incident, UNAMI relies on a range of techniques to gain information through reliable networks.

     Every effort is made to ensure that data contained in UNAMI reports is as comprehensive as possible; however, the data presented is not exhaustive. Where UNAMI is not satisfied with the evidence concerning a particular incident it will not be reported. In some instances, investigations may take several weeks before conclusions can be made. This also means that conclusions concerning particular incidents or alleged violations may be adjusted as more information comes to hand and is analyzed. However, if information is equivocal, then conclusions will not be drawn until more satisfactory evidence is obtained, or the case will be closed without conclusion and it will not be included in statistical reporting or analysis. As information is updated, and conclusions and statistics are modified, this can result in slight differences in reporting of the same incident or variations in statistics reported by UNAMI over time.

    In some incidents where civilian casualties are alleged, the status of the reported victim(s) as civilian is disputed or is equivocal.  In such cases UNAMI is guided by all the information to hand, as well as the applicable standards of international humanitarian and human rights law in determining whether the victim should be classified as a civilian, as a person actively participating in hostilities, or as status unknown.

    In light of the above-noted limitations in methodology, UNAMI does not claim that the information it provides is complete, and it may well be that UNAMI is under-reporting the extent, nature or seriousness of the effect of armed violence and acts of terrorism on the civilian population.

    CIVILIAN CASUALTIES: 2008-2012

  • Summary

    Month Killed Injured
    July 2016 * 629 1061
    June 2016 382 1145
    May 2016 * 468 1041
    April 2016 410 973
    March 2016 575 1196
    February 2016 410 1050
    January 2016 490 1157
    December 2015 506 867
    Novemer 2015 * 489 869
    October 2015 * 559 1067
    September 2015 537 925
    August 2015 585 1103
    July 2015 844 1616
    June 2015 665 1032
    May 2015 665 1313
    April 2015 535 1456
    March 2015 729 1785
    February 2015 611 1353
    January 2015 790 1469
    December 2014 680 1360
    November 2014 936 1826
    October 2014 1089 2074
    September 2014 1084 2084
    August 2014 1533 1994
    July 2014 1384 2122
    June 2014 1775 2351
    May 2014 798 1607
    April 2014 745 1836
    March 2014 640 1845
    February 2014 862 2377
    January 2014 756 1650
    December 2013 661 1201
    November 2013 565 1186
    October 2013 852 1793
    September 2013 887 1957
    August 2013 716 1936
    July 2013 928 2109
    June 2013 685 1610
    May 2013 963 2191
    April 2013 595 1481
    March 2013 229 853
    February 2013 418 704
    January 2013 319 960
    December 2012 230 655
    November 2012 445 1306


    Please note that all figures remain estimates until full investigation and analysis has been carried out.

    *All casualty figures in the table include Anbar casualty figures, apart from the months marked with an asterisk (*).

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