Friday, 01 January 2016 03:00

UN Casualty Figures for the Month of December 2015

Baghdad, 1 January 2016 – According to casualty figures released today by UNAMI, a total of 980 Iraqis were killed and another 1,244 were injured in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in December 2015*.

The number of civilians killed was 506 (including 18 federal police, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police and fire department), and the number of civilians injured was 867 (including 41 federal police, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police and fire department).

A further 474 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (including Peshmerga, SWAT and militias fighting alongside the Iraqi Army) were killed and 377 were injured.

“The year 2015 has seen thousands of Iraqis killed and injured as a result of conflict and terrorism. This is unacceptable,” said the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG), Mr. Ján Kubiš.

“The Iraqi people have every right to live in peace and tranquility. The United Nations continues to deplore this continuing loss of life,” he added.
Baghdad was the worst affected Governorate with 1048 civilian casualties (261 killed, 787 injured), Ninewa 68 killed and 17 injured, while Salahadin 12 killed and 30 injured, Kirkuk 24 killed and 06 injured and Diyala had 10 killed and 06 injured.

According to information obtained by UNAMI from the Health Directorate in Anbar, in December 2015 the Governorate suffered a total of 139 civilian casualties (124 killed and 15 injured). Anbar casualty figures are until 29 December 2015, inclusive.

The total number of Civilian Casualties (killed and injured) for 2015 (including Police and including Anbar[1]) in the entire 2015 was 22,370 (7,515 killed and 14,855 injured).

*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas. Figures for casualties from Anbar Governorate are provided by the Health Directorate and are noted below. Casualty figures obtained from the Anbar Health Directorate might not fully reflect the real number of casualties in those areas due to the increased volatility of the situation on the ground and the disruption of services. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents. UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care. For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

[1] UNAMI/HRO did not obtain the casualty figures from the Anbar Health Department for October and November 2015

Additional Info

  • Agency: UNAMI
Last modified on Tuesday, 05 January 2016 11:21
  • Note on methodology

    In analyzing civilian casualties, UNAMI utilizes as wide a range of sources and types of information as possible, which are analyzed for reliability and credibility. Attempts are made to crosscheck and verify such information from other sources before conclusions are drawn and published. Sources include, for example, testimony of victims, victims’ relatives, witnesses, and evidence provided from health personnel, community elders, religious and civil leaders, local, governorate and central Government departments and officials, UN and other International Organizations, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) and UNAMI Security Section (SSI), media reports, members of the international community, civil society, and NGOs. Where security does not permit direct access to the location of an incident, UNAMI relies on a range of techniques to gain information through reliable networks.

     Every effort is made to ensure that data contained in UNAMI reports is as comprehensive as possible; however, the data presented is not exhaustive. Where UNAMI is not satisfied with the evidence concerning a particular incident it will not be reported. In some instances, investigations may take several weeks before conclusions can be made. This also means that conclusions concerning particular incidents or alleged violations may be adjusted as more information comes to hand and is analyzed. However, if information is equivocal, then conclusions will not be drawn until more satisfactory evidence is obtained, or the case will be closed without conclusion and it will not be included in statistical reporting or analysis. As information is updated, and conclusions and statistics are modified, this can result in slight differences in reporting of the same incident or variations in statistics reported by UNAMI over time.

    In some incidents where civilian casualties are alleged, the status of the reported victim(s) as civilian is disputed or is equivocal.  In such cases UNAMI is guided by all the information to hand, as well as the applicable standards of international humanitarian and human rights law in determining whether the victim should be classified as a civilian, as a person actively participating in hostilities, or as status unknown.

    In light of the above-noted limitations in methodology, UNAMI does not claim that the information it provides is complete, and it may well be that UNAMI is under-reporting the extent, nature or seriousness of the effect of armed violence and acts of terrorism on the civilian population.

    CIVILIAN CASUALTIES: 2008-2012

  • Summary

    Month Killed Injured
    August 2017 125 188
    July 2017 241 277
    June 2017 415 300
    May 2017 354 470
    April 2017 317 403
    March 2017 548 567
    February 2017 392 613
    January 2017 403 924
    *December 2016 386 1066
    November 2016 926 930
    October 2016 1120 1005
    September 2016 609 951
    August 2016* 473 813
    July 2016 * 629 1061
    June 2016 382 1145
    May 2016 * 468 1041
    April 2016 410 973
    March 2016 575 1196
    February 2016 410 1050
    January 2016 490 1157
    December 2015 506 867
    Novemer 2015 * 489 869
    October 2015 * 559 1067
    September 2015 537 925
    August 2015 585 1103
    July 2015 844 1616
    June 2015 665 1032
    May 2015 665 1313
    April 2015 535 1456
    March 2015 729 1785
    February 2015 611 1353
    January 2015 790 1469
    December 2014 680 1360
    November 2014 936 1826
    October 2014 1089 2074
    September 2014 1084 2084
    August 2014 1533 1994
    July 2014 1384 2122
    June 2014 1775 2351
    May 2014 798 1607
    April 2014 745 1836
    March 2014 640 1845
    February 2014 862 2377
    January 2014 756 1650
    December 2013 661 1201
    November 2013 565 1186
    October 2013 852 1793
    September 2013 887 1957
    August 2013 716 1936
    July 2013 928 2109
    June 2013 685 1610
    May 2013 963 2191
    April 2013 595 1481
    March 2013 229 853
    February 2013 418 704
    January 2013 319 960
    December 2012 230 655
    November 2012 445 1306


    Please note that all figures remain estimates until full investigation and analysis has been carried out.

    *All casualty figures in the table include Anbar casualty figures, apart from the months marked with an asterisk (*).

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