Monday, 14 November 2016 08:51

Japanese emergency grant aid for displaced Iraqis and returnees encourages peace-building, conflict resolution in Iraq

13-Nov-2016: Tens of thousands of Iraqis have been-newly displaced as a result of the current military offensive in Mosul. But even greater numbers of Iraqis, displaced since May as a result of conflict in Anbar Governorate, continue to live in very difficult conditions, unable to return home.

Many families have experienced multiple displacements. Continued insecurity, along with the destruction of homes and infrastructure, the high risk of death or injury as a result of explosive remnants of war, and lack of basic essential services, have been key obstacles preventing large-scale returns.

Thanks to generous support from the Government of Japan amounting to US$ 3 million, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency initiated timely projects to provide protection, legal and psychosocial support to displaced Iraqis in Anbar, as well as encouraging peace-building in communities. The Conflict Resolution and Resilience Building (C2RB) pilot project will assess the needs of displaced communities and encourage conflict-resolution. The initiative is taking place in camps, in out-of-camp areas as well as towns and villages where some people have begun returning home in Anbar Governorate, where more than a quarter of a million people have been displaced – including 85,000 who were displaced this year from Falluja and surrounding areas.

“Iraq has undergone multiple conflicts, leaving many people highly traumatised. We wanted to support to this important project to help kick-start efforts to re-build broken communities so that people can work for a better future”, said His Excellency Mr Fumio Iwai, Ambassador of Japan to Iraq.

“We hope this important initiative, generously supported by the Government of Japan, will be a starting point to bring together traumatised and divided communities and help to rebuild trust among them”, said Bruno Geddo, UNHCR’s Representative in Iraq.

“Communities have been torn apart as people have been exposed to extreme violence, forced or pressured to return home in some instances. The goal is for the project to create a nurturing environment and build better relations among families and communities who have undergone displacement and difficult conditions”, he added.

After several months of preparations, formal training of trainers begins next week on conflict resolution and peace building which will also benefit field monitors who will collect data. The trained staff will then begin holding training sessions with displaced and host communities until the end of the year.

UNHCR, also with emergency grant aid from the Government of Japan, has expanded its protection-monitoring capacity in camps and urban areas to reach 85,000 Iraqis who have been displaced by conflict in Falluja and surrounding areas. Through this work, households at risk and in need of specific assistance are identified and supported.

In addition, individual psychosocial support packages are being provided to 15,000 children and youth in the form of art therapy and recreational material. UNHCR is also preparing to distribute 15,000 hygiene kits, specifically designed for women and girls in Anbar.

Protection teams are also providing legal assistance for displaced families through documentation support and legal interventions. Replacing lost or damaged documentation is key in ensuring protection from arrest and detention and allowing freedom of movement, especially for young men and boys who face restrictions resulting from the complex security environment.

ends

For more information please contact:
Caroline Gluck This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +964 780 920 7286
Reem Suwaed This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +964 780 195 8468

Additional Info

  • Agency: UNHCR
Last modified on Wednesday, 16 November 2016 08:54
  • Note on methodology

    In analyzing civilian casualties, UNAMI utilizes as wide a range of sources and types of information as possible, which are analyzed for reliability and credibility. Attempts are made to crosscheck and verify such information from other sources before conclusions are drawn and published. Sources include, for example, testimony of victims, victims’ relatives, witnesses, and evidence provided from health personnel, community elders, religious and civil leaders, local, governorate and central Government departments and officials, UN and other International Organizations, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) and UNAMI Security Section (SSI), media reports, members of the international community, civil society, and NGOs. Where security does not permit direct access to the location of an incident, UNAMI relies on a range of techniques to gain information through reliable networks.

     Every effort is made to ensure that data contained in UNAMI reports is as comprehensive as possible; however, the data presented is not exhaustive. Where UNAMI is not satisfied with the evidence concerning a particular incident it will not be reported. In some instances, investigations may take several weeks before conclusions can be made. This also means that conclusions concerning particular incidents or alleged violations may be adjusted as more information comes to hand and is analyzed. However, if information is equivocal, then conclusions will not be drawn until more satisfactory evidence is obtained, or the case will be closed without conclusion and it will not be included in statistical reporting or analysis. As information is updated, and conclusions and statistics are modified, this can result in slight differences in reporting of the same incident or variations in statistics reported by UNAMI over time.

    In some incidents where civilian casualties are alleged, the status of the reported victim(s) as civilian is disputed or is equivocal.  In such cases UNAMI is guided by all the information to hand, as well as the applicable standards of international humanitarian and human rights law in determining whether the victim should be classified as a civilian, as a person actively participating in hostilities, or as status unknown.

    In light of the above-noted limitations in methodology, UNAMI does not claim that the information it provides is complete, and it may well be that UNAMI is under-reporting the extent, nature or seriousness of the effect of armed violence and acts of terrorism on the civilian population.

    CIVILIAN CASUALTIES: 2008-2012

  • Summary

    Month Killed Injured
    December 2018 32 32
    November 2018 41 73
    October 2018 69 105
    September 2018 75 179
    August 2018 90 117
    July 2018 79 99
    June 2018 76 129
    May 2018 95 163
    April 2018 68 122
    March 2018 104 177
    February 2018 91 208
    January 2018* *** 119 269
    December 2017 * ** 69 142
    *November 2017 117 264
    October 2017 114 244
    September 2017 203 389
    August 2017 125 188
    July 2017 241 277
    June 2017 415 300
    May 2017 354 470
    April 2017 317 403
    March 2017 548 567
    February 2017 392 613
    January 2017 403 924
    *December 2016 386 1066
    November 2016 926 930
    October 2016 1120 605
    September 2016 609 951
    August 2016* 473 813
    July 2016 * 629 1061
    June 2016 382 1145
    May 2016 * 468 1041
    April 2016 410 973
    March 2016 575 1196
    February 2016 410 1050
    January 2016 490 1157
    December 2015 506 867
    Novemer 2015 * 489 869
    October 2015 * 559 1067
    September 2015 537 925
    August 2015 585 1103
    July 2015 844 1616
    June 2015 665 1032
    May 2015 665 1313
    April 2015 535 1456
    March 2015 729 1785
    February 2015 611 1353
    January 2015 790 1469
    December 2014 680 1360
    November 2014 936 1826
    October 2014 1089 2074
    September 2014 1084 2084
    August 2014 1533 1994
    July 2014 1384 2122
    June 2014 1775 2351
    May 2014 798 1607
    April 2014 745 1836
    March 2014 640 1845
    February 2014 862 2377
    January 2014 756 1650
    December 2013 661 1201
    November 2013 565 1186
    October 2013 852 1793
    September 2013 887 1957
    August 2013 716 1936
    July 2013 928 2109
    June 2013 685 1610
    May 2013 963 2191
    April 2013 595 1481
    March 2013 229 853
    February 2013 418 704
    January 2013 319 960
    December 2012 230 655
    November 2012 445 1306


    Please note that all figures remain estimates until full investigation and analysis has been carried out.

    *All casualty figures in the table include Anbar casualty figures, apart from the months marked with an asterisk (*).

    ** Figures include police in non-combat function, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police, and fire department personnel.

    *** Revised figures to include police in non-combat function, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police, and fire department personnel.

     

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