Friday, 21 July 2017 03:00

Women’s Participation in Iraq’s National Reconciliation Process Paramount

Baghdad, Iraq, 21 July 2017 – The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), in collaboration with UN Women and the Government of Iraq National Reconciliation Committee, Office of the Prime Minister’s Women and Gender Affairs Department, jointly organised a consultative meeting with senior women leaders, former ministers, former members of parliament and former advisors to discuss the participation of women in Iraq’s National Reconciliation process.

The consultative forum, held in Baghdad on 18 July 2017, aimed to identify the current challenges that hinder women’s participation and representation in national reconciliation and decision making processes, as well as explored possible solutions to address these challenges.

In his opening remarks, the Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (DSRSG), Mr. György Busztin, underscored that Mosul’s liberation is a landmark achievement for Iraq and the wider region. He noted that “The liberation of Mosul is a rare moment to strengthen national unity and restore the social fabric as well as an opportunity to facilitate the return of the displaced people, stabilization and forge national reconciliation”.

DSRSG Busztin emphasised that “ISIL’s ultimate defeat and eradication of its toxic ideology can only be secured through a long-term reconciliation process that improves governance, provides better services, restores security and installs appropriate security structures that ensure justice and accountability”. He assured participants that the UNAMI leadership was actively engaged with Iraqi senior political leaders and is continuously advocating for participation and representation of women in reconciliation and dialogue efforts to ensure that the voices of women are heard and taken into account.

Taking into consideration that women and girls continue to bear a terrible and disproportionate burden from the effects of conflict with ISIL, UNAMI, in collaboration with UN Women – our partners nationally and globally in leading the Women, Peace and Security agenda – has commenced a series of consultations with Iraqi women leaders. “Their views should be central to all peace-building, justice-seeking, stabilization, reconstruction and reconciliation efforts”, said DSRSG Busztin.

In her opening remarks, UN Women Representative in Iraq, Ms. Dina Zorba, highlighted the importance of an inclusive process for a sustainable peace where evidence from around the globe proves that women’s substantive involvement in peace processes lead to a long lasting one. “It is a priority to ensure that Iraqi women participate in all decision-making processes at all levels”, she said.

Participants at the meeting highlighted the importance of engaging with senior political leaders to ensure that women were represented fairly in all reconciliation and decision-making processes. Mr. Ali Abass, representative of the Head of the National Reconciliation Committee, Office of the Prime Minister, noted that the leadership in the Committee is very keen to engage women in national reconciliation process at all levels.

Mr. Abass further added that the representation of women at executive and legislative levels, in the social and political sphere is also important noting that “the National Reconciliation Committee, with the support of UNAMI, is working together to ensure inclusive participation and representation of all Iraqi components including women, youth and civil society organisations in reconciliation and the National Settlement Initiative”. He also informed that the National Reconciliation Committee is part of the UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 cross sectoral taskforce, with the mandate to implement the Iraqi National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325. He also advised that the Prime Minister has directed the Committee to receive the survivors who have escaped from ISIL during the military operations in Mosul. The Committee coordinated with international NGOs and civil society organisations to ensure the provision of services to these survivors.

During discussions at the meeting, participants called for smooth transitional justice post-ISIL period and accountability against those who have committed crimes against women including sexual violence in conflict. They also noted that amending the Political Parties law to ensure representation of women in parties’ leadership was one of the main recommendations. “It is important to support and empower independent women in the political process to be represented in decision-making positions”, stressed participants.

UNAMI and UN Women, in collaboration with the National Reconciliation Committee, will continue engaging with civil society organisations, women activists and women leaders in all Governorates, as well as in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, on women participation and representation in national reconciliation and national dialogue. Other meetings will be organised in different governorates including the liberated areas.

For more information, please contact:
Mr Khalid Dahab, Deputy Director of Public Information/Deputy Spokesperson, UNAMI
Phone: +964 790 194 0146, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
or the UNAMI Public Information Office: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ms. Dina Zorba
UN Women Representative in Iraq
Phone: +964 770 192 9401, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Additional Info

  • Agency: UNAMI, UNWomen
Last modified on Sunday, 23 July 2017 09:10
  • Note on methodology

    In analyzing civilian casualties, UNAMI utilizes as wide a range of sources and types of information as possible, which are analyzed for reliability and credibility. Attempts are made to crosscheck and verify such information from other sources before conclusions are drawn and published. Sources include, for example, testimony of victims, victims’ relatives, witnesses, and evidence provided from health personnel, community elders, religious and civil leaders, local, governorate and central Government departments and officials, UN and other International Organizations, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) and UNAMI Security Section (SSI), media reports, members of the international community, civil society, and NGOs. Where security does not permit direct access to the location of an incident, UNAMI relies on a range of techniques to gain information through reliable networks.

     Every effort is made to ensure that data contained in UNAMI reports is as comprehensive as possible; however, the data presented is not exhaustive. Where UNAMI is not satisfied with the evidence concerning a particular incident it will not be reported. In some instances, investigations may take several weeks before conclusions can be made. This also means that conclusions concerning particular incidents or alleged violations may be adjusted as more information comes to hand and is analyzed. However, if information is equivocal, then conclusions will not be drawn until more satisfactory evidence is obtained, or the case will be closed without conclusion and it will not be included in statistical reporting or analysis. As information is updated, and conclusions and statistics are modified, this can result in slight differences in reporting of the same incident or variations in statistics reported by UNAMI over time.

    In some incidents where civilian casualties are alleged, the status of the reported victim(s) as civilian is disputed or is equivocal.  In such cases UNAMI is guided by all the information to hand, as well as the applicable standards of international humanitarian and human rights law in determining whether the victim should be classified as a civilian, as a person actively participating in hostilities, or as status unknown.

    In light of the above-noted limitations in methodology, UNAMI does not claim that the information it provides is complete, and it may well be that UNAMI is under-reporting the extent, nature or seriousness of the effect of armed violence and acts of terrorism on the civilian population.


  • Summary

    Month Killed Injured
    December 2018 32 32
    November 2018 41 73
    October 2018 69 105
    September 2018 75 179
    August 2018 90 117
    July 2018 79 99
    June 2018 76 129
    May 2018 95 163
    April 2018 68 122
    March 2018 104 177
    February 2018 91 208
    January 2018* *** 119 269
    December 2017 * ** 69 142
    *November 2017 117 264
    October 2017 114 244
    September 2017 203 389
    August 2017 125 188
    July 2017 241 277
    June 2017 415 300
    May 2017 354 470
    April 2017 317 403
    March 2017 548 567
    February 2017 392 613
    January 2017 403 924
    *December 2016 386 1066
    November 2016 926 930
    October 2016 1120 605
    September 2016 609 951
    August 2016* 473 813
    July 2016 * 629 1061
    June 2016 382 1145
    May 2016 * 468 1041
    April 2016 410 973
    March 2016 575 1196
    February 2016 410 1050
    January 2016 490 1157
    December 2015 506 867
    Novemer 2015 * 489 869
    October 2015 * 559 1067
    September 2015 537 925
    August 2015 585 1103
    July 2015 844 1616
    June 2015 665 1032
    May 2015 665 1313
    April 2015 535 1456
    March 2015 729 1785
    February 2015 611 1353
    January 2015 790 1469
    December 2014 680 1360
    November 2014 936 1826
    October 2014 1089 2074
    September 2014 1084 2084
    August 2014 1533 1994
    July 2014 1384 2122
    June 2014 1775 2351
    May 2014 798 1607
    April 2014 745 1836
    March 2014 640 1845
    February 2014 862 2377
    January 2014 756 1650
    December 2013 661 1201
    November 2013 565 1186
    October 2013 852 1793
    September 2013 887 1957
    August 2013 716 1936
    July 2013 928 2109
    June 2013 685 1610
    May 2013 963 2191
    April 2013 595 1481
    March 2013 229 853
    February 2013 418 704
    January 2013 319 960
    December 2012 230 655
    November 2012 445 1306

    Please note that all figures remain estimates until full investigation and analysis has been carried out.

    *All casualty figures in the table include Anbar casualty figures, apart from the months marked with an asterisk (*).

    ** Figures include police in non-combat function, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police, and fire department personnel.

    *** Revised figures to include police in non-combat function, Sahwa civil defence, Personal Security Details, facilities protection police, and fire department personnel.


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